Log Off... Shut Down... Get Outside!

Streamside Salamanders

Have you ever seen a Streamside Salamander in one a park? This is one of the species of Mole Salamanders that we have in Butler County, Ohio. They are about 5-7 inches long, mottled grey and tan in color, costal grooves along its side with a small head and mouth.

This special amphibian occupies a unique habitat including upland deciduous forests near headwaters with a high abundance of limestone and exposed bedrock.

Adults breed and deposit eggs in shallow ephemeral streams and sometimes in adjacent pools. Breeding begins late October through March with the males usually migrating to breeding sites before the females.

Eggs are internally fertilized when the females pick up the spermatophores deposited by the males on submerged underside of flat, streambed rocks. Female will pick up inside her cloaca and then deposit the fertilized eggs onto submerged rock surfaces. This is why it is so important that when we explore a creek and turn over a rock, that you ALWAYS put it back exactly where you find it!

What does a Streamside Salamander eat? It finds a buffet of macro-zooplankton, chironimid larvae and isopods along with various stream macroinvertebrates. Due to it’s semi-aquatic life cycle the Streamside Salamander has a mix of predators such as fish, flatworms, water snakes, crayfish and birds, too.

Have fun decorating your own salamander armband below with the instructions and pattern.
Streamside Salamander
Streamside Salamander life cycle page
salamander upclose